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Home: Special Education Articles: Emotionally Disturbed Articles



  • Behavioral Disorders: Focus on Change
    Students who are referred to as having "conduct disorders" and students who are referred to as having "emotional disabilities," "behavioral disorders," "serious emotional disturbances," or "emotional and behavioral disorders" have two common elements that are instructionally relevant: (1) they demonstrate behavior that is noticeably different from that expected in school or the community and (2) they are in need of remediation.
    (Added: Tue Jul 17 2001)
  • Evaluation & Treatment of Children's Major Psychiatric Disorders
    By the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Facts for Families Sheets. A child with a "major psychiatric disorder" has a very serious illness affecting several areas of the child's life. These areas may include emotions, social or intellectual ability, or the use of language. Children with major psychiatric disorders may also have physical problems or may also be mentally retarded.
    (Added: Tue Jul 17 2001)
  • Is Your Child Depressed?
    By Leslie Earll, Ph.D., Child Psychiatrist - 1997. Characteristics of depression in children are much like those suffered by adults: moodiness; loss of interest or pleasure in activities; sleeping and/or eating disturbances (too little, or too much); fatigue and loss of energy; and commonly, an inappropriate sense of guilt.
    (Added: Tue Jul 17 2001)
  • Know When and Where To Seek Help For Your Child
    By the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Parents are usually the first to recognize that their child has a problem with emotions or behavior. Parents' growing concerns, and observations of outside resources such as teachers and family combine to form a process of coming to the realization that a child can benefit from treatment. Parents may also consult with the child and adolescent psychiatrist or other professionals about ways to help their youngster at home.
    (Added: Tue Jul 17 2001)
  • Manic-Depressive Disorder (Bi-polar) in Teens
    By the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Teenagers with manic-depressive illness have an ongoing combination of extremely high (manic) and low (depressed) moods. Highs may alternate with lows, or the person may feel both extremes at close to the same time. Professionals also refer to manic-depressive illness as bipolar mood disorder.
    (Added: Tue Jul 17 2001)
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children and Adolescents
    By the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), usually begins in adolescence or young adulthood and is seen in as many as 1 in 200 children and adolescents. OCD is characterized by recurrent obsessions and/or compulsions that are intense enough to cause severe discomfort. Obsessions are recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses, or images that are unwanted and cause marked anxiety or distress. Frequently, they are unrealistic or irrational. They are not simply excessive worries about real-life problems or preoccupations. Compulsions are repetitive behaviors or rituals (like hand washing, hoarding, keeping things in order, checking something over and over) or mental acts (like counting, repeating words silently, avoiding).
    (Added: Tue Jul 17 2001)
  • Panic disorder in Children and Adolescents
    By the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Panic disorder is a common and treatable disorder. Children and adolescents with panic disorder have unexpected and repeated periods of intense fear or discomfort, along with other symptoms such as a racing heartbeat or feeling short of breath. These periods are called "panic attacks" and last minutes to hours. Panic attacks frequently develop without warning.
    (Added: Tue Jul 17 2001)
  • Psychiatric Medication for Children and Adolescents
    By the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Medication may be an effective part of the treatment for several psychiatric disorders for childhood and adolescence. The doctor's recommendation to use medication often raises many concerns and questions in both the parents and the youngster. The physician who recommends medication should be experienced in using it to treat psychiatric illnesses in children and adolescents. He or she should fully explain the reasons for its use, what benefits it should provide, its unwanted effects or dangers, and treatment alternatives.
    (Added: Tue Jul 17 2001)
  • Schizophrenia In Children
    By the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Schizophrenia is a medical illness that causes strange thinking, strange feelings, and unusual behavior. It is an uncommon psychiatric illness in children and is hard to recognize in its early phases.
    (Added: Tue Jul 17 2001)
  • Suicide and the Exceptional Child
    By Eleanor C. Guetzloe. Since the 1950s, suicide rates have increased dramatically among young people in the U.S. and Canada. Suicide is the third leading cause of death of young people between the ages of 15 and 24 in the U.S. (National Center for Health Statistics, 1989), and the second leading cause in Canada (Health and Welfare Canada, 1987). Although official suicide rates are much lower for children under 15, suicidal behavior has been reported even in very young children.
    (Added: Tue Jul 17 2001)
  • The Anxious Child
    By the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Anxiety in children is expected and normal at specific times in development. For example, from approximately age 7 months through the preschool years, healthy youngsters may show intense distress (anxiety) at times of separation from their parents or other persons with whom they are close. Young children may have short-lived fears, (such as fear of the dark, storms, animals, or strangers). However, when anxieties become severe and begin to interfere with the daily activities of childhood, such as separating from parents, attending school and making friends, parents should consider seeking the evaluation and advice of a child and adolescent psychiatrist.
    (Added: Tue Jul 17 2001)
  • Understanding Your Mental Health Insurance
    By the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Insurance benefits for mental health services have changed a lot in recent years. These changes are consistent with the nationwide trend to control the expense of health care. It is important to understand your mental health care coverage so that you can be an active advocate for your child's needs within the guidelines of your particular plan.
    (Added: Tue Jul 17 2001)