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Home: Special Education Articles: Speech and Language Articles



  • "Children Who Stutter and Their Families" Workshops
    By Gail Wilson Lew, M.A. C.C.C. "Children Who Stutter and Their Parents" workshops take place three times a year at Pasadena City College in Pasadena, California. The workshops are sponsored by the National Stuttering Project (NSP), a non-profit organization dedicated to educating the public about stuttering in cooperation with Pasadena City College's Disabled Student Program.
    (Added: Wed Jul 18 2001)
  • Choosing a Speech-Language Pathologist
    Why should I choose an ASHA-certified speech-language pathologist? ASHA-certified speech-language pathologists are the only health care professionals specifically educated and prepared to evaluate and treat children and adults with speech, language, and swallowing problems.
    (Added: Thu Sep 20 2001)
  • Diagnosis and Management of CAPD - Part 1
    Definition. Gail D. Chermak, Ph.D. Notwithstanding the primacy of auditory processing deficits in central auditory processing disorders (CAPD), it is a complex and heterogeneous group of disorders usually associated with a range of listening and learning deficits (ASHA, 1996; Chermak & Musiek, 1992, 1997). CAPD "refers to a deficit observed in one or more of the central auditory processes responsible for generating the auditory evoked potentials and the following behaviors: sound localization and lateralization; auditory discrimination; auditory pattern recognition; temporal aspects of audition including, temporal resolution, temporal masking, temporal integration, and temporal ordering; auditory performance with competing acoustic signals; and auditory performance with degraded acoustic signals." (Chermak & Musiek, 1997, p. 3).
    (Added: Wed Aug 22 2001)
  • Diagnosis and Management of CAPD - Part 2
    Assessment. Gail D. Chermak, Ph.D. Given the heterogeneous nature of central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) and the range of listening and learning deficits that often coexist with CAPD, comprehensive evaluation requires a multidisciplinary team approach. CAPD is diagnosed by the audiologist on the basis of an extensive audiologic evaluation. Additional evaluation of language development, speech understanding and learning is necessary, however, to identify associated (co-morbid) conditions, as well as clarify the functional impact of CAPD. Speech-language pathologists, psychologists and educators contribute to this more comprehensive assessment. Speech-language and psychoeducational assessment of children with CAPD is beyond the scope of this article. Rather, a minimum test battery for diagnosing CAPD is outlined below.
    (Added: Wed Aug 22 2001)
  • Diagnosis and Management of CAPD - Part 3
    Management. Gail D. Chermak, Ph.D. Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD) is a sensory processing deficit that commonly impacts listening, spoken language comprehension and learning. Although central auditory processing is dependent on the integrity and function of the central auditory nervous system, non-modality specific factors, including attention, motivation, memory, learning and decision processing can exacerbate or mitigate the impact of CAPD. As noted in Part II of this series, evaluation of language development, speech understanding and learning is necessary to identify associated (co-morbid) conditions, as well as clarify the functional impact of CAPD. Once this multidisciplinary evaluation is completed, comprehensive management can be implemented.
    (Added: Wed Aug 22 2001)
  • Sign Language: Infants and Toddlers
    Author: Heather Davidson. Sign language has been thought of in the past as a form of communication between deaf people and interpreters, who translate the message into spoken English with the public. Now, sign language is used to communicate with anyone who has a communication disorder; or, more recently, it is taught to infants, both hearing and deaf. Sign language enhances and stimulates an infant's language development. Many studies have been conducted to measure the amount of language development among many infants and toddlers. One test that was used in many of the studies is the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT). It was used with children mostly under the age of 5. The findings of almost all of the studies is that using both spoken English and sign language with an infant can greatly increase the rate and efficiency of language development.
    (Added: Thu Sep 20 2001)
  • Stuttering and Teasing
    By Gail Wilson Lew, M.A. C.C.C. What do you do when your child tells you he was teased at school for his stuttering? Your first reaction might be to enroll him in a karate class! But, fighting back may not be the wisest response because it may only make matters worse. Growing up as a tomboy, my father encouraged me to beat up anyone that teased me when I stuttered. My father constantly recited, "Sticks and stones may break your bones, but words will never hurt you". He did the best he could, but the words did hurt me. I wish he had sat me down and talked about the issue of teasing and why people tease others.
    (Added: Fri Jul 20 2001)
  • Telephone Access For People With Speech Disabilities
    Author: Bob Segalman. If you have a speech disability and live in the USA (including Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands), you can now use a new, free telephone service 24 hours a day. It is also available (fewer hours of the day) in Sweden and Australia. This FCC mandated service, called Speech to Speech (STS), provides communication assistants (CAs) for people with difficulty being understood by the public on the telephone.
    (Added: Thu Sep 20 2001)